Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover (TiHo)TiHo eLib

Genetic diversity and trends of ancestral and new inbreeding in Deutsch Drahthaar assessed by pedigree data

Loss of genetic diversity and high inbreeding rates confer an increased risk of congenital anomalies and diseases and thus impacting dog breeding. In this study, we analyzed recent and ancestral inbreeding as well as other measures of genetic variability in the Deutsch Drahthaar (DD) dog population. Analyses included pedigree data from 101,887 animals and a reference population with 65,927 dogs born between 2000 and 2020. The mean equivalent complete generations was 8.6 with 69% known ancestors in generation 8. The mean realized effective population size was 92 with an increasing trend from 83 to 108 over birth years. The numbers of founders, effective founders and effective ancestors, as well as founder genomes, were 814, 66, 38 and 16.15, respectively. Thirteen ancestors explained 50% of the genetic diversity. The mean coefficient of inbreeding and individual rate of inbreeding (ΔFi) were 0.042 and 0.00551, respectively, with a slightly decreasing trend in ΔFi. Exposure of ancestors to identical-by-descent alleles explored through ancestral coefficients of inbreeding showed a strong increasing trend. Comparisons between new and ancestral inbreeding coefficients according to Kalinowski et al. showed an average relative contribution of 62% of new inbreeding to individual inbreeding. Comparisons among average coancestry within the parental population and average inbreeding in the reference population were not indicative of genetic substructures. In conclusion, the creation of the DD dog breed about 120 years ago resulted in a popular breed with considerable genetic diversity without substructuring into lines or subpopulations. The trend of new inbreeding was declining, while ancestral inbreeding through ancestors who were autozygous at least once in previous generations was increasing.

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