Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover (TiHo)TiHo eLib

Intravenous magnesium sulphate in standing horses : effects on physiological parameters, plasma concentration of magnesium and nociceptive threshold tests

A bolus of 50 mg kg -1 MgSO4 (treatment Mg) or the same volume of saline (treatment S) was infused over 15 minutes in 5 adult healthy horses. T0 was the end of the infusion. Physiological parameters were recorded throughout the study period. Measurements of electrical, thermal, and mechanical nociceptive thresholds were performed at the pelvic limbs at baseline (before T0), and at specific timepoints. Blood samples were taken at fixed timepoints before, during and until 12 hours after the infusion. For statistical analysis, the 95% confidence intervals (CI's) for the differences in nociceptive thresholds between treatments were calculated. Physiological parameters were compared using a linear mixed model (global α = 0.05, with Bonferroni correction α = 0.0125). The concentrations of ions were also compared with the baseline values at specific timepoints, using a linear mixed model. The Pearson's correlation coefficient was derived between the ion concentrations. The 95% CI's of thermal, mechanical and electrical thresholds were [-1; +2]°C, [0; +3] N and [-1; +1] mA (positive differences indicate higher thresholds for treatment Mg), respectively. Heart rate was significantly higher (P < .0001) and non-invasive systolic arterial pressure (P < .0001) and respiratory rate (P = .0002) significantly lower after treatment Mg compared to treatment S. Additionally, non-invasive systolic arterial pressure was significantly different at T45 (P < .001). Although mild changes in cardiovascular parameters and plasma concentrations were seen with intravenous administration of MgSO4, no changes in nociceptive thresholds were detected in standing non-sedated horses.

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