Ovarian torsion with resulting constipation in a panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis)
A 3-yr-old female panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis) was presented with a history of long-term
inactivity, anorexia, and difficulty defecating. Using sonographic examination, we diagnosed
preovulatory follicular stasis with suspected ovarian cysts. Surgical management was elected, and the
ovaries were intertwined and showed severe torsion and morphologic changes. The colon was caught
within the entanglement, resulting in obstipation and urate retention. After ovariectomy, the animal was
able to pass feces 17 h postsurgery and regained appetite. Preovulatory follicular stasis, as well as
constipation, is commonly seen conditions in reptiles; however, torsions are rarely described.