Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover (TiHo)TiHo eLib

The lytic siphophage vB_StyS-LmqsSP1 reduces Salmonella Typhimurium isolates on chicken skin

Phage-based biocontrol of bacteria is considered as a natural approach to combat food-borne pathogens. Salmonella spp. are notifiable and highly prevalent pathogens that cause foodborne diseases globally. In this study, six bacteriophages were isolated and further characterized that infect food-derived Salmonella isolates from different meat sources. The siphovirus VB_StyS-LmqsSP1, which was isolated from a cow´s nasal swab, was further subjected to in-depth characterization. Phage-host interaction investigations in liquid medium showed that vB_StyS-LmqsSP1 can suppress the growth of Salmonella spp. isolates at 37°C for ten hours and reduce the bacterial titer at 4°C significantly. A reduction of 1.4 to 3 log units was observed in investigations with two food-derived Salmonella isolates and one reference strain under cooling conditions using MOIs of 104 and 105. Phage application on chicken skin resulted in a reduction of about 2 log units in the tested Salmonella isolates from the first three hours throughout a one-week experiment at cooling temperature and an MOI of 105. The one-step growth curve analysis using vB_StyS-LmqsSP1 demonstrated a 60-min latent period and a burst size of 50-61 PFU/infected cell for all tested hosts. Furthermore, the genome of the phage was determined to be free from genes causing undesired effects. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic properties, LmqsSP1 was assigned as a promising candidate for biocontrol of Salmonella Typhimurium in food. Importance: Salmonella enterica is one of the major global causes of foodborne enteritis in humans. The use of chemical sanitizers for reducing bacterial pathogens in the food chain can result in the spread of bacterial resistance. Targeted and clean label intervention strategies can reduce Salmonella contamination in food. The significance of our research demonstrates the suitability of a bacteriophage (vB_StyS-LmqsSP1) for biocontrol of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium on poultry due to its lytic efficacy under conditions prevailing in food production environments.

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