Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover (TiHo)

The first complete mitochondrial genome of the migratory dragonfly Pantala flavescens Fabricius, 1798 (Libellulidae: Odonata)

Pantala flavescens is the world's most abundant and widely distributed dragonfly and with its outstanding migratory capacity an important model system to study insect migration at the evolutionary base of winged insects. We here report on the first complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of P. flavescens sampled from a population in Rufiji River, Tanzania. The mitogenome is 14,853 bp long with an AT-biased base composition (72.7% A + T) and encodes a typical set of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNAs, and two rRNAs. The control region (CR) (171 bp) is the shortest reported in any anisopteran odonate, so far. Phylogenetic analyses support the placement of P. flavescens within the Libellulidae.

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