Development and validation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid detection of Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis
Glaesserella parasuis is a fastidious pathogen that colonizes the respiratory tract of pigs and can lead to considerable economic losses in pig production. Therefore, a rapid detection assay for the pathogen, preferably applicable in the field, is important. In the current study, we developed a new and improved detection method using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). This assay, which targets the infB gene, was tested on a collection of 60 field isolates of G. parasuis comprising 14 different serovars. In addition, 63 isolates from seven different closely related species of the family Pasteurellaceae, including A. indolicus, A. porcinus, and A. minor, and a species frequently found in the respiratory tract of pigs were used for exclusivity experiments. This assay showed an analytical specificity of 100% (both inclusivity and exclusivity) and an analytical sensitivity of 10 fg/µL. In further steps, 36 clinical samples were tested with the LAMP assay. An agreement of 77.1 (95% CI: 59.9, 89.6) and 91.4% (95% CI: 75.9, 98.2) to the culture-based and PCR results was achieved. The mean limit of detection for the spiked bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was 2.58 × 102 CFU/mL. A colorimetric assay with visual detection by the naked eye was tested to provide an alternative method in the field and showed the same sensitivity as the fluorescence-based LAMP assay. Overall, the optimized LAMP assay represents a fast and reliable method and is suitable for detecting G. parasuis in the laboratory environment or in the field.