Urogenital hypoplasia and X chromosome monosomy in a draft horse filly
A 5-month-old draft horse filly was presented with incontinence and severe perivulvar dermatitis, which developed during the previous 2 months. Left-sided ectopic ureter entering in the caudal vaginal lumen, signs of cervix hypoplasia, and urine accumulation in the uterus were found during initial vaginal endoscopy. Therefore, a left ureter-nephrectomy was conducted under general anesthesia. Additionally, a cytogenetic examination was performed, which showed a XO monosomy with a 63,X/64,XX mosaic. This is the first case report presenting a chromosome abnormality in a draft horse filly combined with a left-sided ectopic ureter. Cytogenetic evaluation is recommended in any female horse with developmental abnormalities of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, or with irregularities of estrus.