Expression of PTGS2, PGFS and PTGFR during downregulation and restart of spermatogenesis following GnRH agonist treatment in the dog
Prostaglandins (PGs) and prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PTGS) are considered to be relevant for spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis. PTGS2, prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS) and PGF receptor (PTGFR) are investigated in the adult male dog using the model of the GnRH-agonist implant downregulated canine testis and its subsequent restart of spermatogenesis following abolition of treatment (3, 6, 9, 12 weeks after implant removal). On the mRNA level (ratio), PTGS2, PGFS and PTGFR expression did not differ between downregulation, different stages of recovery of spermatogenesis and untreated adult controls (CG). On the protein level, Sertoli and Leydig cells in all samples and some peritubular cells stained immunopositive for PTGS2. In the tubular compartment, the percentage of the PTGS2-immunopositive area (PIA) and the mean PTGS2-staining intensity (gray scale, GS) did not differ between groups but in the interstitial compartment, the PIA (p = 0.0494) and the GS (p < 0.0001) were significantly upregulated during early recrudescence (week 3/6). Comparing downregulation by two GnRH-agonist implants with juvenile controls (JG) and CG, the mRNA expression (ratio) did not differ. In the tubular compartment, the GS (p = 0.0321) was significantly higher at downregulation compared to CG and in the interstitial compartment, the PIA (p = 0.0073) and the GS (p = 0.0097) were significantly higher in JG compared to downregulation/CG. PTGS2, PGFS and PTGFR mRNA and PTGS2 protein are regularly expressed in the adult, juvenile and downregulated canine testis and downregulation and subsequent recrudescence affect PTGS2 protein expression mainly in Leydig cells. PTGS2 expression in the downregulated testis resembles the one in seasonal Syrian hamster but not juvenile canine testis.