Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover (TiHo)

Comparison of intranasal versus intravenous midazolam for management of status epilepticus in dogs : a multi-center randomized parallel group clinical study

Charalambous, Marios ORCID; Volk, Holger Andreas ORCID; Tipold, Andrea GND; Erath, Johannes; Hünerfauth, Enrice; Gallucci, Antonella; Gandini, Gualtiero; Hasegawa, Daisuke ORCID; Pancotto, Theresa; Rossmeisl, John H.; Platt, Simon; De Risio, Luisa ORCID; Coates, Joan R.; Musteata, Mihai; Tirrito, Federica; Cozzi, Francesca; Porcarelli, Laura; Corlazzoli, Daniele; Cappello, Rodolfo; Vanhaesebrouck, An ORCID; Broeckx, Bart J. G. ORCID; Van Ham, Luc; Bhatti, Sofie F. M.

BACKGROUND:The intranasal (IN) route for rapid drug administration in patients with brain disorders, including status epilepticus, has been investigated. Status epilepticus is an emergency, and the IN route offers a valuable alternative to other routes, especially when these fail. OBJECTIVES:To compare IN versus IV midazolam (MDZ) at the same dosage (0.2 mg/kg) for controlling status epilepticus in dogs. ANIMALS:Client-owned dogs (n = 44) with idiopathic epilepsy, structural epilepsy, or epilepsy of unknown origin manifesting as status epilepticus. METHODS:Randomized parallel group clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated to the IN-MDZ (n = 21) or IV-MDZ (n = 23) group. Number of successfully treated cases (defined as seizure cessation within 5 minutes and lasting for ≥10 minutes), seizure cessation time, and adverse effects were recorded. Comparisons were performed using the Fisher's exact and Wilcoxon rank sum tests with statistical significance set at α < .05. RESULTS:IN-MDZ and IV-MDZ successfully stopped status epilepticus in 76% and 61% of cases, respectively (P = .34). The median seizure cessation time was 33 and 64 seconds for IN-MDZ and IV-MDZ, respectively (P = .63). When the time to place an IV catheter was taken into account, IN-MDZ (100 seconds) was superior (P = .04) to IV-MDZ (270 seconds). Sedation and ataxia were seen in 88% and 79% of the dogs treated with IN-MDZ and IV-MDZ, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:Both routes are quick, safe, and effective for controlling status epilepticus. However, the IN route demonstrated superiority when the time needed to place an IV catheter was taken into account.

Preview

Cite

Citation style:
Charalambous, M., Volk, H.A., Tipold, A., Erath, J., Huenerfauth, E., Gallucci, A., Gandini, G., Hasegawa, D., Pancotto, T., Rossmeisl, J.H., Platt, S., De Risio, L., Coates, J.R., Musteata, M., Tirrito, F., Cozzi, F., Porcarelli, L., Corlazzoli, D., Cappello, R., Vanhaesebrouck, A., Broeckx, B.J.G., Van Ham, L., Bhatti, S.F.M., 2019. Comparison of intranasal versus intravenous midazolam for management of status epilepticus in dogs: a multi-center randomized parallel group clinical study. Journal of veterinary internal medicine 33, 2709–2717. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15627
Could not load citation form. Default citation form is displayed.

Rights

Use and reproduction:

Export