Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in game meat applying sous vide cooking conditions
This study investigated the effects of sous vide cooking at temperatures between 50 °C and 60 °C on the inactivation kinetics of Listeria (L.) monocytogenes. Nutrient broth and minced game meat (Capreolus capreolus and Sus scrofa) were inoculated with three strains of L. monocytogenes and cooked under sous vide conditions (50, 55 or 60 °C for several hours). Results showed that the decimal reduction values (D-values) were largely dependent on the surrounding matrix. D-values of 125.5, 29.7 and 5.1 min were reached for BHI (brain heart infusion) at 50 °C, 55 °C and 60 °C, respectively. For roe deer, D-values of 49.2, 14.9 and 3.7 min and for wild boar, D-values of 100.2, 23.8 and 4.2 min were reached. It can be concluded that microbiologically safe cooking durations under sous-vide conditions below 60 °C should be considered individually for each meat product due to the dramatic influence of the matrix in comparison to higher temperature conditions.