Epidemiological analysis of Arcanobacterium phocae isolated from cases of mink dermatitis of a single farm
The present study was designed to identify nine Arcanobacterium phocae strains isolated from cases of mink dermatitis of a single farm in Finland and characterize the strains for epidemiological relationships. All nine strains and previously described A. phocae used for comparative purposes were identified and further characterized phenotypically, by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and genotypically by detection of phocaelysin encoding gene phl with a previously developed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay and by sequencing 16S rRNA gene and gene phl, the elongation factor tu encoding gene tuf and the β subunit of bacterial RNA polymerase encoding gene rpoB. Genetic relatedness among isolates was determined using whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism (wgSNP) analysis. The wgSNP results, partly the MALDI-TOF MS and FT-IR analyses and sequencing of the genes, revealed that the nine A. phocae strains recovered from a single farm showed close sequence similarities among each other and differed from previously investigated A. phocae strains isolated from other farms and animals in Finland and from the A. phocae type strain. This indicated a close epidemiological relationship of the A. phocae strains isolated from a single farm and that the nine A. phocae strains of the present study might have developed from a common ancestor.